When a regular combustion engine-powered car doesn’t start, we typically use the jump-starting method to bring it back to life. Have you ever wondered what happens to a Tesla when its starter runs out of juice? Can you jump-start a Tesla?
You can jump-start all Teslas. However, just like any other electric vehicle, Teslas can only be jump-started using a portable car jump starter kit or a vehicle that has a combustion engine. Jump-starting using another Tesla or any other electric car as a donor is not possible.
This article will deal with how a Tesla should be jump-started. Additionally, I’ll mention some of the safety measures and facts that every owner of this electric car brand should be familiar with when jump-starting their car. Enjoy finding out more about your favorite electric car!
What Happens if My Tesla Runs Out of Power?
Running out of power in a Tesla is extremely difficult to do these days. A wide network of chargers, as well as a ton of different warnings, are just some of the things that make sure it doesn’t happen.
Here are just some of the Tesla ranges for reference:
|Tesla Model S||396 miles (637 kilometers)|
|Tesla Model 3||358 miles (576 kilometers)|
|Tesla Model X||333 miles (536 kilometers)|
|Tesla Model Y||330 miles (531 kilometers)|
Your electric car will do everything to warn you about the low battery levels and prevent you from getting stranded in the middle of nowhere. Nevertheless, these situations still occur.
If your Tesla runs out of power, jump-starting the car won’t help. In this situation, you can call roadside assistance that can provide a mobile charger or call a tow truck. Jump-starting is only effective when the 12V battery used as a starter gets depleted.
The best solution to running out of charge in any Tesla model is prevention; making sure that the car has a full charge before you leave for a trip and regular charging stops along the way are the key to avoiding these situations.
While jump-starting isn’t helpful with dead main battery issues, the car will likely need to be jumped once your Tesla is back in business. The jump-starting will be necessary since all Tesla models have a separate battery used for starting the car, among other things. Let’s find out more about this.
Teslas and the 12V Battery
It is a common misconception that Teslas start using the power from their running battery, which replaces the engine. Instead, Teslas use a separate 12V lithium battery for starting.
Here’s a brief list of some of this battery’s functions:
- Starting the engine.
- Powering the onboard computer and electronics.
- Running the lights, wipers, locking system, and other auxiliaries.
Pro Tip: How can you reset Tesla wipers once stuck?
If your Tesla windshield wipers are not working after a snowstorm or any cold event, your wipers might have shut down because of the heavy snow on the windscreen (after trying to turn them on). To reactivate your wipers you can turn the wipers off on the touch screen and then turn them back on. This easy hack might get them to work again.
This list shows that Teslas use a 12V battery for the same reasons regular gas and diesel-operated cars do. The only difference between electric and combustion engines is the way this battery recharges:
- In combustion engines, an alternator is used to keep the 12V battery charged.
- On the other hand, Teslas and similar electric vehicles use the power from their main battery to keep the 12V battery charged.
Another similarity between the batteries is their life expectancy. Just like a regular car’s 12V battery, a lithium 12V battery that comes with your Tesla is expected to last three to four years. Using software updates is just one of the ways Tesla tries to extend this period.
Still, the 12V battery in your Tesla can’t last forever. Read on to find out what you can do when this battery goes flat and your car won’t start or even unlock.
If you’d like to find out how to unfreeze a Tesla and why your Tesla won’t start, check out this related article that I wrote. I provide all the possible causes and fixes and should help you when you’re stuck next to the road somewhere. Rather read it now to be safe.
How To Jumpstart a Tesla
Here’s how to jump-start a Tesla:
- Prepare an external jump starter.
- Open the tow eye cover.
- Locate the two cables from the tow eye cover.
- Connect the external jump starter cables to the EV cables.
- Apply power to the external jump starter.
- Disconnect the external jump starter cables.
- Expose the 12V battery from the EV frunk compartment.
- Connect the battery cables to the external jump starter.
- Apply power to the external jump starter for 10 minutes.
- Disconnect the external jump starter cables.
One of the potential reasons why your Tesla won’t start is a dead battery. As already explained, despite being a fully electric vehicle, all Teslas have a separate 12V lithium battery, just like most conventional cars. Although they’ve recently changed this to 48V in newer models to come.
Similar to combustion engine cars, there can be multiple reasons why your Tesla’s battery ran out, including:
- Not running the car for an extended time.
- Extremely cold or extremely hot weather.
- Leaving your headlights or any other power-using features on.
- The age of the battery.
Whatever the reason, there are only two potential solutions to the problem at hand:
- Order a new car battery, which is easier but more expensive.
- Jump-start your Tesla.
Before opting for a jump-start as the solution, all Tesla owners should be aware that this can be a dangerous process. To prevent injury and damage to the vehicle, it needs to be done the right way.
Tesla Jump-Starting Procedure
Despite the common belief that starting an electric car in this way isn’t possible, jump-starting a Tesla is a fairly simple procedure. In fact, it’s the same as jump-starting any other car.
Here’s how everyone can do it in just a few simple steps using nothing more than a pair of jumper cables and a donor car or a portable jump-starter:
1. Open Your Tesla’s Frunk
If your battery is empty, you obviously can’t open the frunk using the interior touchscreen or your keyfob.
The best solution here is to use the manual release lever. Most Tesla models have one of these levers located under the front passenger’s glove compartment (or under the wheel if you’re in the UK). However, what happens if you can’t open the doors to get to the frunk release lever?
Here, the procedure of opening the frunk gets a little trickier. Have no worries, and follow these instructions to open the frunk in a Model S:
All you’ll need to do is get behind the wheel well and pop off the protective covering toward the front of the car. Inside, you’ll find a string that you should pull to release the frunk hatch. You’ll need to repeat the process for both sides of the car.
If it doesn’t seem clear, you can always refer to YouTube for help. Here’s a video that describes the process in detail:
2. Lift the Plastic Panel Located Between the Frunk and the Windshield
This is the easy part; all Tesla models have a plastic panel that covers the battery and the fuse box. You should have no difficulties spotting it once your frunk is open.
The cover is easy to remove. Simply grab the side that points to the windshield and lift. Once you’ve removed the panel, your Tesla’s 12V battery and the fuse box should be visible.
Some Tesla models have further jump-starting instructions labeled under the panel. If your car has this label, simply follow the instructions. Tesla owners who can’t locate this label should proceed to the rest of the steps below.
The only thing remaining to do in this step is to remove the protective cover over the battery. There’s a latch that’s holding it in place, just like with the larger plastic panel. Some force might be necessary to unlatch the cover.
3. Connect the Jumper Cables
This part of jump-starting a Tesla works just like any other car. Here’s how the procedure is done properly:
First, connect one end of the red jumper cable to the positive (+) terminal on the jump starter or the donor car. You should then connect the other end to Tesla’s 12V battery positive terminal.
Second, connect one end of the black cable to the donor car’s battery negative terminal and the other end to your Tesla’s 12V battery negative terminal. Remember to first connect the positive red cables before the negative black cables.
Why is it so important to connect the cables in this way?
It’s crucial not to allow the red and the black cables to touch when one end of them is connected to the battery. The contact between the two cables will cause sparks, and it can potentially damage the car’s electronics.
Also, keep in mind that it’s not necessary, or even recommended, to attach the negative jumper cable to a metal part of the Tesla’s frame, as some sources might suggest.
4. Leave the Cables Alone for a Minute
Here’s another step that you should follow when jump-starting any car, even the non-electric ones:
Leaving the cables connected without starting the car with the dead battery is an essential part of the jump-starting process, and you should never skip it. By leaving the jumper cables on, you will allow your Tesla’s 12V battery to charge, which is extremely important with a battery that has gone completely flat.
The manufacturer underlines that it might take several minutes for the 12V battery to gain enough power to wake up the touchscreen.
After giving it a minute or two, you can proceed to the next step.
5. Start Your Tesla
Start the Tesla as you normally do and leave the car running. Make sure that the 12V battery can gain charge from the battery that’s powering the car.
If it isn’t the case and your Tesla needs to be jump-started again, your best bet is to go out and buy a new 12V lithium battery as soon as possible. The specifications for the battery are listed in your car’s owner’s manual.
While useful in emergencies, jump-starting isn’t something any modern car can handle with no issues, let alone when done repeatedly. Getting your battery checked on a yearly basis is recommended for this reason.
6. Disconnect the Cables in Reverse Order
The last step when jump-starting a Tesla, or any other car, is to disconnect the cables. This procedure should be done in reverse order compared to connecting the cables. Here’s how it should go:
Start by removing the black cable from the Tesla’s negative battery terminal and then remove the other end from the donor car or the jump starter.
Then, take off the jumper clamp from the Tesla’s positive terminal, followed by removing the same cable from the other end of the line.
7. Put the Protective Trims Back in Place
The final thing to do when jump-starting your Tesla is to put everything back in its original place.
After learning how to remove the trim, this part of the jump-starting process should be easy to do. Here’s what you’ll need to do:
Return the plastic covers to their original position. Make sure that the 12V battery’s protective cover is back on before securing the plastic panel that covers the entire battery and fuse box area. The larger plastic panel might need a stronger push.
Voila, you’ve successfully jump-started your Tesla. For any additional info and visual representation, you can see the detailed instructions in this YouTube video:
Can You Use a Tesla To Jump Start Another Car?
Even though it might seem logical that you can use the process described above in reverse order and use a Tesla to jump-start another car, the manufacturer advises against this.
According to the manufacturer, jump-starting should only be used as a last resort since the process can damage the car’s electronics. This recommendation doesn’t only apply to Tesla, but rather to most modern cars.
The key element in jump-starting any car is whether the donor car’s engine and the battery can handle the stress of starting another car. As Tesla explains in their owner’s manual, there’s simply not enough power in the Teslas’ batteries to start another car safely, especially one with a combustion engine.
Unfortunately, it applies to all Tesla models, from the top-of-the-range Model X to the significantly more affordable Model 3.
Some Internet sources claim that jump-starting another car with a Tesla is perfectly safe, but I would trust Tesla over them and strongly advise against this.
remember to first connect the positive red cables before the negative black cables.
Best Tool To Jump-Start a Tesla
You never know when you’ll need a portable jump starter, whether you’re on a weekend road trip or just traveling a few miles to the local grocery shop.
Car batteries deplete with time, thus having a jump starter in your vehicle ensures your safety and peace of mind. But is it worth buying a portable unit, or should you rely on using simple cables and another car?
Here are the pros and cons of using a jumper cable with another car compared to a portable jump starter.
|Pros and Cons||Jump Cables||Portable Jump Starter|
|Safety||Jump cables are safe to use, but improperly connecting them could cause sparks, explosions, or fire.||Portable jump starters include safety mechanisms to prevent sparks and damages when connecting the cables.|
|Versatility||Jump cables only work when connecting a battery to another battery.||Portable jump starters are self-contained and even allow users to charge their phones or use other electronic devices when needed.|
|Accessibility||Jump cables are accessible as long as other vehicles are around, and the owner’s permission to use their battery to jump-start yours.||Jump starters must be fully charged for use, and not all jumpers will work with all cars.|
Check out this related article that I wrote about the Best Tire Repair Kit for Every Tesla Model. This is somewhat related to this post.
Type S Jump Starter
There are a variety of portable jump-starts available. However, the best recommendation is the lithium Type S jump starter.
Type S jump starters can bring life to a dead battery in seconds. They’re made up of solid lithium batteries, with battery cell capacities varying across models. They’re small, portable, and can jump-start 12-volt vehicle batteries rapidly to get you back on the road as soon as possible.
It is also straightforward to charge a Type S jump starter. The majority of devices use a micro USB connector to charge from any standard electrical outlet. When the battery is fully charged, color-coded LED lights usually flash.
The majority of problems are caused by depleted portable jumper batteries. After each usage, the device must be recharged.
Charging times vary, but they usually take between four and five hours to finish. When not in use, be sure to charge your portable jump starter every three to four months. This will assist in lengthening the unit’s life.
This TYPE S 12V 6.0L Jump Starter is very affordable and offers instructions on the screen for jumping your vehicle.
In terms of price, high-capacity lithium-ion devices can cost anywhere from $50 to $100, depending on features and overall battery capacity.
Benefits of Portable Jump Starters
A portable jump starter gives a strong charge to assist your vehicle when its 12-volt battery is dead or depleted. These portable devices may be stowed in a car trunk or glove box since they have built-in batteries and can be very compact.
Here are some other benefits of portable jump starters:
- Lithium-Ion Power. Modern lithium-ion battery technology is used in Type S models. Traditional lead-acid batteries are greatly outperformed by lithium. They are more efficient, can be recharged hundreds of times, and keep a charge longer. All Tesla automobile models use this battery technology, which provides constant and reliable power on demand.
- Compact Design. Type S jump starters are ultra-lightweight, small, and portable. They can be tucked away and out of sight in the glove box of a car, truck, or boat or beneath a seat. The majority of them are also under 5 pounds (2.3 kg), making them incredibly light and portable.
- Multi-Use Handy Charger. The adaptability of these portable jump starters is incredible. To charge your personal devices on the road, most include USB, micro-USB, and USB Type-C connectors built-in. So when you’re on the road, keep your cellphones, tablets, smartwatches, GoPro camera, and headphones charged.
- Handy Flashlight. On most Type S models, a rechargeable lithium-ion LED flashlight is included. There are three flashlight modes: flashlight, strobe, and hazard. It can be used to replace a tire at night, check for your keys on the floorboard, signal for help from a passing car, and more.
- Wireless Charging Capability. You are in luck if you have an iPhone or Android phone that supports wireless charging. One Qi-certified Type S jump starter type can charge your smartphone while you’re on the road.
Check out these 20 great gift ideas for yourself or a Tesla fanboy.
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